How To Start Your Own Internet Radio – This article describes how to create your own Internet radio station. To achieve this we use the open source programs Icecast and Mixxx which run on Fedora or Debian, Ubuntu, Linux Mint, Pop!_OS and other Debian/Ubuntu based Linux distributions.
Icecast (Icecast 2) is a streaming server that allows users to broadcast our internet radio stations, Mixxx is a remix DJ app (in this case you can also use it as a simple music player) to feed the audio stream to the Icecast2 server via its broadcast function.
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It’s important to note that you can use Icecast2 and Mixxx on any Linux distribution (as well as Windows and macOS) to create your own internet radio station, but the package names and methods may vary, and some additional tweaking may be required, depending on It depends on the Linux distribution you’re using, so this article only focuses on Fedora and Debian/Ubuntu.
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Icecast is a free and open source streaming server platform that supports Ogg Vorbis and Theora, MP3, Opus, and Web streams, and supports simultaneous audio streams (each stream is called a “Step of Stone”). The software can be used to create public Internet radio stations, broadcast on private home networks, and more. There are different types of clients that can connect to an Icecast server, either to provide “mountain level” streaming music (such as Mixxx), or to listen to broadcast audio.
Mixxx is a free and open-source DJ software for Windows, Mac, and Linux that includes most of the features commonly found in DJ software, as well as unique features like MIDI support and advanced HID DJ controllers. Designed for professional and amateur DJs, it features BPM, key detection and sync, effects, vinyl processing, automatic DJ and recording, and more. Since version 1.9, Mixxx allows live streaming, supports Shoutcast and Icecast streaming servers.
Icecast can be installed on a separate server or on the same computer that is running Mixxx for broadcasting.
When installing Icecast2 on Debian or Ubuntu, you will see several configuration options (not Fedora):
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In any case replace the default password with your own. If you skipped the initial configuration, you can run it again with sudo dpkg-reconfigureicecast2 . You can also change these initial settings etc. by editing the Icecast2 configuration file (we’ll cover that in the next step).
The path to the Icecast configuration file (installed from the package manager) is /etc/icecast2/icecast.xml on Debian/Ubuntu and /etc/icecast.xml on Fedora. You can edit this file to change Icecast2 Internet radio station information, set limits (limit the number of clients/listeners), change the passwords for the “source”, “relay” and “admin” users, etc.
On Debian/Ubuntu, the initial Icecast2 configuration shown when first installing Icecast2 should handle most of the configuration. You can still edit the Icecast2 configuration file.
Open this Icecast configuration file in source form with a text editor, such as Nano in the example below (use Ctrl + O, then Enter to save the file with Nano; to exit the Nano editor after saving the file, press Ctrl + X):
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As mentioned in the location and administrative settings notes, this information is displayed on the Icecast webcast server information page, so it is for informational purposes only.
By default, this section does not exist in the Icecast configuration file on Fedora (but it is at the top of the configuration file in Debian/Ubuntu).
You can choose to use these defaults, which means you’re just running on localhost, using 8000 as the port. In this case, you can access the Icecast 2 server website in a web browser by visiting http://localhost:8000 and the administration page by visiting http://localhost:8000/admin. But not yet, because we need to enable and start (or restart) the Icecast2 service in the next step.
But you can change some of these settings. Replace the hostname value with the hostname/domain or IP address used for the stream. The bind address allows limited access to the addresses that Icecast listens on; if no bind address is specified for a given listening socket (which is the default), the socket is bound to all interfaces (including IPv6 , if available). Port 8000 is usually used by default by many services, so it may already be used, in which case you can change it.
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There are many other settings in this Icecast2 file, but the defaults should be sufficient in most cases.
You can now visit the Icecast server website in a web browser by visiting http://localhost:8000 (this uses a deprecated setting, which you may have changed), and by visiting http://localhost:8000/ Visit the management page. . administrative.
Also, the Icecast2 system service needs to be restarted every time the icecast file is changed. This can be done with:
You can also install the latest version of Mixxx on Ubuntu or Linux Mint using the PPA mentioned on the Mixxx download page.
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5. Start using your webcast! Configure Mixxx to provide audio streams to the Icecast2 streaming server.
From the Mixxx Options menu, launch Preferences and switch to the Live tab. Here, view the server connection and configure:
Here’s what you need to set up to get things working. You can also change the recording format (choose to stream at a higher bitrate or change the format from MP3 to Ogg Vorbis), metadata (information displayed when the Music app plays Internet radio stations), and enable the “public status” feature. will increase. Submit your internet radio station to the Icecast public directory so others can discover it.
Time to add some music to the Mixx. Double-click a music track to add it to deck 1, then click that deck’s Play button to play the track:
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Play live. Once this is done, your internet radio station will be live. There is also an icon on the right side of the Mixxx window that you can click to turn live streaming on/off; this symbol is also used to indicate live streaming status:
Use an audio player such as VLC, Audacious, etc., and open your webcast URL: http://localhost:8000/stream.m3u or http://localhost:8000/stream.xspf (where localhost and 8000 are the Default hostname and port changed in settings!). You can also find these links by visiting the Icecast2 server status page in a web browser: http://localhost:8000/status.xsl (again, replace localhost:8000 with your hostname and port).
Additional (this is optional): You want to use Mixxx to broadcast on Icecast, but Mixxx is muted on your system and only your webcast listeners can hear the sound (this will not bring your system into the Icecast stream produce any sound, so only the Mixxx audio output is played on the Icecast stream)? You can do this by running JACK with a dummy output. Enter Jack:
Audio hardware and set the Audio API option to JACK Audio Connection Kit (the main output at the bottom of this page can be set to None or Active). If you see JACK in the audio API options, please restart Mixxx. Fortunately, the rise of the internet has begun to change all that. Today, you don’t need transmission towers or any other complicated equipment to get started.
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With a little creativity and time, anyone can start a radio station. Plus, since US listeners spend an average of 16 hours a week accessing online radio, the market is huge.
The key to success is knowing how to build a radio station and promote it to the right audience.
Today we will quickly walk through all the steps to create an online radio station.
Radios come in many different styles and designs. There are some music-oriented channels, usually dedicated to a particular genre, such as pop, R&B, or rock.
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Consider creating a news-driven channel to keep your audience updated on the latest news in a specific area or industry.
Or, you could create a radio station focused on talk, drama, or something else entirely. The options are endless.
Ultimately, which idea is best for you depends on many factors, including your interests, your expertise in broadcasting, and who you want your audience to be.
It’s a good idea to research some popular stations in your area to see what customers like to listen to. You also need to consider how much work you put into your channel.
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Searching for the latest news takes more time than just playing music on a playlist. If you’re putting together different types of content, such as music and news, you might consider hiring other professionals and hosts to work with you.
Once you’ve decided on the type of content or station idea you want to produce, the next step is to develop an effective brand.
After all, music, news, and audio programming can often be found anywhere. Your unique personality or brand image will keep customers coming back to your live stream.
Find out who the main competitors in your niche are, and ask yourself how they communicate their unique qualities and values.
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